Alpacas are domesticated camelids native to South America, primarily found in the Andean regions of Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, and Chile. Here’s a description of alpacas and their distribution:

Description of Alpacas:

  • Alpacas are smaller relatives of the llama and are prized for their soft and luxurious fiber, which is used to make textiles and garments.
  • They have a slender build with long necks, short tails, and large, expressive eyes. Alpacas are known for their gentle temperament and are often kept as pets or for their fiber rather than for meat or pack purposes like llamas.
  • Alpacas come in two primary breeds: Huacaya and Suri. Huacaya alpacas have dense, fluffy fleece that gives them a teddy bear-like appearance, while Suri alpacas have long, silky locks that hang down like dreadlocks.
  • Alpacas are herbivores and graze on grasses and other vegetation. They are well-adapted to high-altitude environments and have been domesticated for thousands of years by indigenous Andean cultures.


  • Alpacas are primarily found in the Andean regions of South America, particularly in Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, and Chile. Within these countries, they are distributed across various regions ranging from high-altitude mountainous areas to lower-lying valleys and plains.
  • In Peru, alpacas are most commonly found in the central and southern regions of the country, including the Andes Mountains and the altiplano (high plains) region.
  • In Bolivia, alpacas are found in the Andean regions of the western part of the country, particularly in the departments of La Paz, Oruro, and Potos√≠.
  • In Ecuador, alpacas are primarily found in the highlands of the Andes Mountains, particularly in the provinces of Chimborazo, Cotopaxi, and Imbabura.
  • In Chile, alpacas are found in the northern regions of the country, particularly in the Atacama Desert and the Andean foothills.
  • Outside of South America, alpacas are also found in other parts of the world where they have been introduced for farming purposes, including North America, Europe, Australia, and New Zealand. However, the largest populations of alpacas are still concentrated in their native range in the Andean regions of South America.

Alpaca in Zoos

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