Golden poison frog

Golden poison frog

The Golden poison frog, scientifically known as Phyllobates terribilis, is one of the most toxic amphibians in the world.


  • Size: Adults typically range from 1.5 to 2 inches (3.8 to 5 centimeters) in length.
  • Coloration: As the name suggests, the Golden poison frog exhibits vibrant golden-yellow or orange-yellow coloration, often with black spots or bands. This bold coloration serves as a warning to potential predators of its toxicity.


  • The Golden poison frog possesses potent neurotoxins called batrachotoxins, which are derived from its diet of small invertebrates like ants and beetles. These toxins are among the most powerful natural poisons known.
  • It’s estimated that a single Golden poison frog contains enough toxin to kill between 10 and 20 adult humans, making it one of the deadliest animals on Earth.

Habitat and Distribution:

  • The Golden poison frog is native to the Pacific coast of Colombia, primarily inhabiting the rainforests of the Chocó-Darién region and adjacent areas.
  • It is commonly found in lowland tropical rainforests, often near streams or bodies of water where it breeds.


  • Golden poison frogs are diurnal, meaning they are active during the day. They are often observed hopping along the forest floor or climbing vegetation.
  • These frogs are territorial and may exhibit aggressive behavior towards intruders, including other frogs.

Conservation Status:

  • The Golden poison frog is classified as endangered due to habitat loss and collection for the illegal pet trade. Efforts are underway to protect its natural habitat and regulate the trade of wild-caught specimens.

Countries Where Found:

  • Primarily found in Colombia, particularly along the country’s Pacific coast in regions such as Chocó and Darién.
  • It may also occur in neighboring parts of Ecuador, although its range is primarily confined to Colombia.
Golden poison frog
Golden poison frog

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